The first step in putting together an effective skin care regiment is determining your skin type!
There are 4 different skin types; dry/sensitive, normal, combination, and oily.
Dry skin is very common - does not retain moisture well. Because of the lack of oil, skin can be flaky and have dry patches. Typically skin will feel taut after cleansing. Your pores will be very small, including on and around the nose. The key to this skin type is MOISTURIZE! Use a cream based cleanser and an oil based moisturizer and be sure to moisturize morning and night!
Sensitive skin can have similar/identical characteristics as dry (which is why they are categorized as one skin type), however you may have issues trying new products - sensitivities to different ingredients. You may get red easily, have red patches, and/or eczema. You want to stay moisturized the same as dry skin but just may have to take extra care in the products and ingredients you choose.
Normal has a balanced completion, even skin tone and is not too dry nor too oily. This is the desire skin type! You do not break out often and pores are minimally visible. Every skin type needs to moisturize, so although normal skin has a nice oil & moisture balance, moisturizing during your skin care regiment is still important. You could use a cream or gel based cleanser.
Combination is the most common skin type. You are most oily in the t-zone (forehead, nose, chin) and can be normal-dry on the outer parts of face. Pore size is larger around nose and gets smaller as they move out to the cheeks. You will want to use an oil-free moisturizer and can use weekly clay based masks to soak up/decrease some oil production. I also recommend a gel based cleanser for the oiliness.
Oily skin is common during adolescence. You will feel oily only a short time after cleansing your face, can have a greasy/shiny appearance and have large pores. Oily skin tends to be acneic. Use a gel-based cleanser targeted for oily skin, exfoliate twice a week with a gentle scrub and be sure to use an oil-free moisturizer. If you are acneic, there are moisturizers that contain salicylic acid, also adding a toner to your skin care regiment can make a big difference.
This is a previous post about a clay based facial mask - can be used for all skin types but would be especially
Also, a post on toners - again, great for all skin types and very beneficial for oily & combo.
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